Food allergies are unpredictable. The way that your body reacts to a food allergy one time cannot be used to predict how it will react the next time. But because of the fatal symptoms of anaphylaxis, reactions must be treated right away.
Reactions to a food allergy has different effects on different parts of the body, they can either be mild (itchy nose or hives) or severe (repetitive vomiting).
At time of writing this article, there was no other treatment for anaphylaxis other than Epinephrine. Antihistamines may be used to relieve mild allergies symptoms, such as hives, but they cannot and should not be given as a substitute for epinephrine. However, mild symptoms can quickly turn into life-threatening reactions and should therefore be watched closely.
If any of the following symptoms occur epinephrine should be administered and Maponya 911 (0861 960 960) should be phoned immediately:
- Shortness of breath, wheezing, repetitive cough.
- Pale complexion, faint or weak pulse, dizzy.
- Tight or hoarse throat and trouble breathing or swallowing.
- Significant swelling of the tongue and/or lips.
- Repetitive vomiting or severe diarrhoea.
- Anxiety or confusion.
Antihistamines should be given, if recommend by a physician for a single, mild symptom. If these symptoms are combined, it is best to see a doctor immediately or call Maponya 911 (0861 960 960).
Single symptoms for which antihistamines may be given are as follows:
- Itchy or runny nose.
- Itchy mouth.
- Few hives or a mild itch.
- Mild nausea or discomfort in the bowel area.
- If these symptoms worsen, given epinephrine.
It is important to note that although epinephrine is a great drug to hold the symptoms of an allergic reaction at bay, it should be given in conjunction to with a call to Maponya 911 (0861 960 960).